Nepal is a Land locked Country which is surrounded by India in the east, south and west, and the Tibet Autonomous of the People’s Republic of China in the north.
Nepal at a glance
Location: Southern Asia between China and India.
Geographic: 28 00 N, 84 00 E
1. 64% Mid-Hill Mountain (Mahabharat Range)
2. 6% Churia Hill( Siwalik Range)
3. 13% Plain Land of Terai
4. 17% Himalayan Alpine Region approximately
Area: 147,181 sq.km. (About 195 Km width north to south & 885 km east to west)
Area Covered on Earth: 0.01% of Earth & 0.1% of Asia
Language: National language of Nepal is Nepali but more than 102 dialogues can speak with 64 Ethnic groups. However educational people understand and speak English well.
Climate: Nepal has major four seasons
Winter: December to February
Spring: March to May
Summer: June to August (Monsoon)
Autumn: September to November
Religions and People: You can see two types faces people in Nepal, the Indo-Aryan which are pointed nose, overly face and often lean and quite tall (Braman Chettri and Newar).The Tibito-Barmigs (Mangoloids) which are bit flat nose, round face and average hight (Tanamg,Sherepa,Rai,Gurung…..).Nepal is birth place of lord Buddha.80 % are Hindu but Buddhists, Muslims and Christians live together in harmony. Nepal still exist Shamanism and Animism.
Currency and Foreign money exchange: Nepali Rupee is Nepali currency, notes come in Rs-1000,500,100,50,25,20,10,5,2,1,coins are come in Rs-1,2,5 and 10 denominations.
You can exchange foreign currency though authorized banks and money exchange in a major cities. Most of hotel, Travel office and trekking agencies accept credit cards.
Time Standard: + 5:45 of GMT
Population: 29.4 Million
Life Expectancy: Male: 60.78 years and Female: 60.33 years (2007 est.)
Flag description: Red with a blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles; the smaller, upper triangle bears a white stylized moon and the larger, lower triangle bears a white 12-pointed sun.
Ethnic group of Nepal:
Unspecified 2.8% (more than 102 Ethnic groups)
other 0.9% (2001 census)
Languages: Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)
Source of Economy: Remittances, Traditional Agriculture, Tourism & Cottage Industry
Main Highlights: Lowest point Kechana Kawal, Jhapa (65m) to Mt Everest (8848m), Birth Place of Lord Buddha - Lumbini, deepest gorge in the world - Kalidandaki, highest lake in the world - Tilicho
Tourist Visa information: Foreigner who intends to visit Nepal must hold valid passport or any travel document equivalent to passport issued by the Govt. for visiting a foreign country prior to apply for visa.
No foreigner is entitled to enter into and stay in the Kingdom of Nepal without valid visa. Tourist entry visa can be obtained for the following duration from Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or other mission offices or immigration offices located on entry points in Nepal.
Visa Fee required obtaining Tourist Visa from Nepalese diplomatic agencies and entry points:
- US $ 25 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 15 days.
- US $ 40 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 30 days.
- US $ 100 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 100 days
Regardless of the provision stated in 1(a) and 1(b), tourists with passport from South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) nations aren't required to pay visa fee for 30 days.
Fee required to extend duration of visa or renew visa
US $ 2 or equivalent Nepalese currency per day for extension.
Additional US $ 20 or equivalent Nepalese currency on visa fee as per 2(b), if Multiple Entry facility is required for the extended period.
If foreign visitors that haven't renewed their visa want to renew their visa, they have to pay additional Nepalese currency equivalent to US 3$ on the regular visa extension fee.
Foreign visitors who have overstayed the visa period of 150 days without extension are required to pay visa fee as per provision in 2(c) and punishment as per Clause 10 sub-clause 4 of Immigration Act 2049.
Regardless of provision stated in 2(a), 15 days is counted as minimum extension period and visa fee is charged accordingly. For extension period more than 15 days, visa fee is charged as per the provision of 2(a).
Transit visa can be obtained from the Airport Immigration Office for a period of 48 hours on presentation of confirmed air ticket.
How to get in Nepal?
Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights to/ from Delhi, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok, Doha and Hong Kong. Other International airlines operating from and to Kathmandu are Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air Asia (Kuala Lumpur), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), ArkeFly (Amsterdam), Bahrain Air (Bahrain), Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), China Eastern Airlines (Kunming), China Southern Airlines (Guangzhou), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi), Flydubai (Dubai), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi), Indigo Airlines (Delhi), Jet Airways (Delhi, Mumbai), Jet Lite (Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi, Islamabad), Qatar Airways (Doha), RAK Air (Ras al- Khaimah), Silk Air (Singapore), Spice jet (Delhi), Thai Airways (Bangkok)and United Airways (Dhaka).
All visitors entering Nepal by land must use these designated entry points and may not enter from any other point:
1. Siliguri-Kakkarvitta (to Kathmandu 620 km)
2. Raxaul-Birgunj (to Kathmandu 280 km)
3. Sunauli- Bhairahawa (to Kathmandu 280 km)
4. Rupaidiya-Nepalgunj (to Kathmandu 520 km)
5. Gauriphanta-Dhangadi (to Kathmandu 630 km)
6.Banbasa-Mahendranagar (to Kathmandu 715 km) in the Nepal-India border and
7. Kodari (to Kathmandu 117 km) in the Nepal-China border.