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Nepal is a Land locked Country  which is surrounded by India in the east, south and west, and the Tibet Autonomous of the People’s Republic of China in the north.

Nepal at a glance

Location: Southern Asia between China and India.

Geographic: 28 00 N, 84 00 E
1. 64% Mid-Hill Mountain (Mahabharat Range)
2. 6% Churia Hill( Siwalik Range)
3. 13% Plain Land of Terai
4. 17% Himalayan Alpine Region approximately

Area: 147,181 (About 195 Km width north to south & 885 km east to west)

Area Covered on Earth: 0.01% of Earth & 0.1% of Asia

Language: National language of Nepal is Nepali but more than 102 dialogues can speak with 64 Ethnic groups. However educational people understand and speak English well.

Climate: Nepal has major four seasons
Winter: December to February
Spring:  March to May
Summer: June to August (Monsoon)
Autumn: September to November

Religions and People: You can see two types faces people in Nepal, the Indo-Aryan which are pointed nose, overly face and often lean and quite tall (Braman Chettri and Newar).The Tibito-Barmigs (Mangoloids) which are bit flat nose, round face and average hight (Tanamg,Sherepa,Rai,Gurung…..).Nepal is birth place of lord Buddha.80 % are Hindu but Buddhists, Muslims and Christians live together in harmony. Nepal still exist Shamanism and Animism.

Currency and Foreign money exchange: Nepali Rupee is Nepali currency, notes come in Rs-1000,500,100,50,25,20,10,5,2,1,coins are come in Rs-1,2,5 and 10 denominations.
You can exchange foreign currency though authorized banks and money exchange in a major cities. Most of hotel, Travel office and trekking agencies accept credit cards.

Time Standard: + 5:45 of GMT

Population: 29.4 Million

Life Expectancy: Male: 60.78 years and Female: 60.33 years (2007 est.)

Flag description: Red with a blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles; the smaller, upper triangle bears a white stylized moon and the larger, lower triangle bears a white 12-pointed sun.

Ethnic group of Nepal:
Chhettri 15.5%
Brahman-Hill 12.5%
Magar 7%
Tharu 6.6%
Tamang 5.5%
Newar 5.4%
Muslim 4.2%
Kami 3.9%
Yadav 3.9%
Other 32.7%
Unspecified 2.8% (more than 102 Ethnic groups)

Hindu 80.6%
Buddhist 10.7%
Muslim 4.2%
Kirant 3.6%,
other 0.9% (2001 census)

Languages: Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)

Source of Economy: Remittances, Traditional Agriculture, Tourism & Cottage Industry

Main Highlights: Lowest point Kechana Kawal, Jhapa (65m) to Mt Everest (8848m), Birth Place of Lord Buddha - Lumbini, deepest gorge in the world - Kalidandaki, highest lake in the world - Tilicho

Tourist Visa information: Foreigner who intends to visit Nepal must hold valid passport or any travel document equivalent to passport issued by the Govt. for visiting a foreign country prior to apply for visa.
No foreigner is entitled to enter into and stay in the Kingdom of Nepal without valid visa. Tourist entry visa can be obtained for the following duration from Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or other mission offices or immigration offices located on entry points in Nepal.
Visa Fee:
Visa Fee required obtaining Tourist Visa from Nepalese diplomatic agencies and entry points:

  1. US $ 25 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 15 days.
  2. US $ 40 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 30 days.
  3. US $ 100 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 100 days

Regardless of the provision stated in 1(a) and 1(b), tourists with passport from South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) nations aren't required to pay visa fee for 30 days.
Fee required to extend duration of visa or renew visa 
US $ 2 or equivalent Nepalese currency per day for extension.
Additional US $ 20 or equivalent Nepalese currency on visa fee as per 2(b), if Multiple Entry facility is required for the extended period.
If foreign visitors that haven't renewed their visa want to renew their visa, they have to pay additional Nepalese currency equivalent to US 3$ on the regular visa extension fee.
Foreign visitors who have overstayed the visa period of 150 days without extension are required to pay visa fee as per provision in 2(c) and punishment as per Clause 10 sub-clause 4 of Immigration Act 2049.
Regardless of provision stated in 2(a), 15 days is counted as minimum extension period and visa fee is charged accordingly. For extension period more than 15 days, visa fee is charged as per the provision of 2(a).
Transit visa can be obtained from the Airport Immigration Office for a period of 48 hours on presentation of confirmed air ticket.

How to get in Nepal?
By Air:
Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights to/ from Delhi, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok, Doha and Hong Kong. Other International airlines operating from and to Kathmandu are Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air Asia (Kuala Lumpur), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), ArkeFly (Amsterdam), Bahrain Air (Bahrain), Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), China Eastern Airlines (Kunming), China Southern Airlines (Guangzhou), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi), Flydubai (Dubai), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi), Indigo Airlines (Delhi), Jet Airways (Delhi, Mumbai), Jet Lite (Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi, Islamabad), Qatar Airways (Doha), RAK Air (Ras al- Khaimah), Silk Air (Singapore), Spice jet (Delhi), Thai Airways (Bangkok)and United Airways (Dhaka).

By Road:
All visitors entering Nepal by land must use these designated entry points and may not enter from any other point:
1. Siliguri-Kakkarvitta (to Kathmandu 620 km)
2. Raxaul-Birgunj (to Kathmandu 280 km)
3. Sunauli- Bhairahawa (to Kathmandu 280 km)
4. Rupaidiya-Nepalgunj (to Kathmandu 520 km)
5. Gauriphanta-Dhangadi (to Kathmandu 630 km)
6.Banbasa-Mahendranagar (to Kathmandu 715 km) in the Nepal-India border and
7. Kodari (to Kathmandu 117 km) in the Nepal-China border.

Can I get a VISA on arrival?

Yes, you can obtain your entry visa at the Kathmandu airport upon arrival or at a consulate in your home country. If you are coming by road you can get visa in Nepal boarder immigration offices. In either case, you need 2 passport size photograph and the visa fee. Multiple entry visas for 15 days (US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency), 30 days (US$ 40) or 90 days (US$ 100) can be obtained from any Nepalese embassy or consulate. Immigration Office at the entry points of Nepal.You can visit:

What are needed to get a visa?

A valid passport and one passport size photo with a light background. Immigration Department has not specified the size of the passport-size photo.  Visa can be obtained only through payment of cash in the following currency: Euro, Swiss Franc, Pound Sterling, US dollar, Australian dollar, Canadian dollar, Hong-kong dollar, Singapore dollar and Japanese Yen.
Credit Card, Indian currency or Nepalese currency are not accepted for payment of Visa fee.

What are the Accommodation like in Nepal?

There is accommodation ranging from 5-star chain hotels and resorts to comfortable economic lodges in Kathmandu and major tourist destinations. The hotels offer specialty restaurants, conference facilities, exclusive health clubs and business centers. You also have the option of home-stay where you can stay in local houses with the local people and enjoy their traditional food.

What kind of food is available in Nepalese restaurants?

Kathmandu is a melting pot of international cuisine. Dining out is, therefore, a pleasure. The Nepali staple food is rice, dal (lentils) and curry. Apart from Nepalese cuisine, there are restaurants serving Continental, Indian, Chinese, Mexican, Japanese, Italian and Korean food. Fast foods like burgers, pizzas are found everywhere. There are two KFC outlets too in Kathmandu.

What type of shape do I need to be for this trip? Is previous hiking experience required to go on a trek?

If you are reasonably fit and enjoy walking you will find trekking suits you. Normally the shorter treks tend to be easier whilst the longer ones often require a better standard of fitness. It is important to remember, however, that trekking requires an adequate level of physical conditioning. To prepare yourself for a trek, especially. If you are planning a trek longer than a week, some physical fitness programs such as running, swimming, hiking is recommended before you embark on a trek.

What is Trekking?

Trekking means gentle walking or hiking in the Hilly or Himalayan range observing the local culture, society, religions, tradition, and natural beauty of the region where one is trekking.

How long do we walk per day?

This varies with each trip of course. In the mountains we measure hikes in hours, rather than miles. On most treks, we hike 4–7 (8 to 12 Km) hours per day, with a lunch break of 1–2 hours in the middle. We encourage you to walk at your own pace. There is no need to rush or "stay up" with others during the daily hikes. There will always be a guide at the back of the group to make sure that you arrive safely to camp. We know that much of the fun of trekking is maintaining a pace which will allow you to fully enjoy your surroundings. In approximately we trek 8 to 12 km per day.

What is a tea house Trek?

Tea house trekking means staying and eating in local lodges. We stay in single rooms where possible, but often you will have to share. Rooms are basic, normally just a bed with a pillow, blankets. A few have electric lights and all have a spacious dining room-lounge.
We eat at tea houses and, although the food is usually plentiful and delicious. They offer a variety of potato, rice and noodle dishes, as well as soup and seasonal vegetables.Nepali National meal Dal bhat easily available. Beers and local spirits are often available, but that will be at your own cost. A variety of cereals, bread and egg dishes are generally available for breakfast. There are also snacks available such as basic biscuits, chocolate and soft drinks and in some areas you will find fresh fruit in season.

What is camping or organized trek?

With a camping or organized means we will organize the supply of any or all equipment, not supplied by the trekkers, necessary for trekking sleeping, eating, and food preparation as well as all consumable supplies of food, snacks and fuels. We provide all the necessary staff that are fully trained to guide, cook, pack and erect the campsite facilities. They will not only do their duty but every evening before sleep they will performed the local typical sing, song. They will dance and will make you dance. It would be more likely Nepali culture.

Do we have to carry a backpack?

Not really. But you have to carry a light day-pack containing your water bottle, camera, an extra layer of clothing, sunglasses, a rain coat or wind breaker, and snacks. Porters or pack animals will carry all of the heavy gear.

What happens if there is an emergency?

All of our guides are trained in basic first aid and can deal with the basic ailments that may occur on trek. In the event of an emergency Nature Trail Trekking will cover initial expenses of any rescue operation. It is a condition of booking that you are adequately insured for such an event as these expenses will need to be recovered from your insurance company. In the more frequented regions there are health posts, which have been established by foreign doctors and many are staffed by overseas personnel. Nature Trails & Expeditions are associated members of The Himalayan Rescue Association.

How much money should I bring for my trip?

This will depend on the destination and you're spending habits. Our trip descriptions provide you with an idea of how to budget for additional meals, optional excursions, and extra expenses you might acquire on any particular trip.

Do you accept credit cards for payment?

Surely we accept Visa and Master Card (AMERICAN EXPRESS, VISA and MASTERCARD) for payment. However we prefer Cash as the bank charges for Credit cards are quite high in Nepal.

Will there be credit card facilities on tours and in the trekking area?

In most cities, like Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan, Lumbini, Credit Cards can be used. However once you leave those cities behind, small amounts of U.S.D and Nepalese cash are best.

If I arrive a day early, can you help with hotel accommodation?

Yes, if you are booked on a fixed date itinerary and you arrive earlier than the itinerary date, we can arrange additional accommodation.

What is the weather and temperature like in Mountains?

During spring and fall the temperature between 1000 to 3500 meters ranges as high as 20 deg C to a low of -5 deg C. At higher altitudes the temperatures can range from 20 deg C to -10 deg C. During winter it is a further 10 deg C colder -20.

What is the best season for trekking? Can I go trekking in the months of June and July or winter?

The best time to trek in Nepal is either pre -monsoon during March to May (spring in the Himalayan) or after the monsoon has ended in September to November (the fall or autumn season). You can go trekking in the months of June and July. The Dolpa, Upper Mustang (Rain shadow area in Himalayas) and low elevation trekking around Phokara and Kathmandu Valley are better for monsoon season trekking. We recommend to do low Hilly and Terai areas in winter too.

What kinds of equipment need for trekking??

Here is some recommended Equipment List for trekking in Nepal Himalayas.

  • Thermal shirts, T-shirt and long-sleeved shirts
  • Wool-blend socks, liner socks, underwear (not cotton)
  • Fleece jacket, water proof jacket, umbrella
  • Day-wear shirt ,trousers, thermal wear,
  • Trekking pants
  • Neck gaiter ,buff, hanger key
  • Mittens/gloves
  • Cap, Sun hat and woolen hat


  • Trekking poles
  • Sunglasses
  • Water bottle
  • Torch / Flashlight with extra bulb and batteries
  • Trekking and light camp shoes, sandal or thongs (flip-flops)
  • Day pack with cover
  • Camera, binocular  and video camera and extra memory card, batteries chargers
  • Sleeping bag, Down jacket and duffel bag (we can arrange if u don’t have)
  • Sleeping bag liner

iii) Miscellaneous items:

  • Toiletries ,hand sanitize
  • Quick-drying camp towel
  • Laundry soap liquid, power or bar
  • Tissue and toilet papers with cigarette lighter
  • Sun cream (SPF20+) and Lip balm
  • Pocket Knife and sewing/repair kit
  • Iodine, water-purification tablets or filter
  • Insect repellent (for low areas)
  • First aid and medical Kit
  • Snacks and candies
  • earplugs

Note: It is possible to buy or rent the above gears in Kathmandu Nepal. You can get original brand to copy ones.

What kinds of equipment do I need for Peak Climbing?

You need all Trekking gear which we mention before the following extra gear you need for climbing Peak in Nepal.
Climbing Harness, Mountaineering boots, Climbing Pants, Gaiters, Rope, Ice Screws, Carabineers, Snow bar, Ice Axes, Strong Headlamp, Snow/Ice Protection Bar.

What happens if I get sick?

If you should get sick during your trek, your guide will do his best to assist you in anyway. Medicine is not readily available in some remote regions so we recommend you to stock up on things you may needed in advance. Company will also send some primary stock along with group. Should you require it; extra rest days can be taken. If you need evacuation, the company will be contacted and appropriate measure will be taken. In some cases you can find doctors along the trekking routes, or can be called for you.

If I need to see a doctor, where can I do so?

There are well-equipped general and specialized hospitals, nursing homes and private clinics manned by very competitive doctors in Kathmandu, Pokhara and other cities if you fall sick. We will assist for that.

Are the food / water safe to eat / drink during the trekking?

During the trek, your guide will advise you on what you should and shouldn’t eat and drink. The food at the places you will be staying is all safe to eat. Water you can buy bottled or bring along purification tablets. Tea houses will also provide boiled and filtered water for you to treat accordingly.
During the Camping trekking we have own cook who are highly experience to make safely and hygienic trekking food.

What arrangements for drinking water are made while on trek?

Most of trekking areas you can get Mineral water easily, however due to environmental reason, we recommend you bring along purification tablets, stray pin (which kill all harmful germs).Tea  houses provide boiled and filtered water. Our guide will offer advice and where to get water during the trek. On camping treks the porters will carry suitable water with them.

What is altitude sickness?

You can see info of altitude sickness on our site.

Is communication to home possible while on trek?

In some of the larger towns there will be phone and internet connection. Now you can buy easily Sim card in Kathmandu International airport counter. We can advice you on this when you select an itinerary.

Where to stay on trek?

During your trek, your guide will take you to reputable tea houses. The tea houses will be in sizable villages and be able to provide you food, water and sleeping arrangements of the best standard available. On tented treks, you will stay at select camping sites, all the equipment you need, will be provided for you.

What is the maximum weight allowed on domestic flights?

The maximum weight allowed on domestic flights is bagges10 Kg (mountain areas with small air craft)  and others cities with big aircraft allow 20 Kg. per person and 5 kg hand carry bag.

Will somebody come to pick me up at the Airport upon my arrival?

We will come and met on your arrival at the International airport with our vehicle and transfer to Hotel.

What else do you offer besides trekking?

Besides Trekking we offer Sightseeing Tour all over the Nepal, Jungle Safari tours, white water Rafting, Peak Climbing, Paragliding, Mountain flight, Special Interest Tour, Bungee Jumping, family holiday tours and Fully supported treks throughout Nepal , Bhutan and Tibet tours, honesty tours, Yoga and meditation Tour.

Is it possible to trek with the Childs?

We can arrange some soft and beautiful hiking trips which can be enjoyed with your kinds. Our staff will well care them. Even they can’t walk; our porter will carry with comfortable basket.

Can I charge my battery on the trekking?

Of course you can, some popular trekking region has electricity and solar supply; however do not forget to bring spare battery. In some remote region you can’t charge battery. We suggest you to bring solar charger for remote areas.

Do I need any vaccinations?

You should contact your general practitioner or travel clinic for the latest travel health advice. It is advisable to be up-to-date with Tetanus, Polio, Typhoid, and Hepatitis A vaccination shots.

Do I need travel insurance?

It is necessary to have travel insurance for all clients to take in any tour. It should provide adequate protection for the full duration of the tour to cover personal injury, medical expenses, repatriation expenses, helicopter evacuation, loss of luggage, etc. You can arrange this yourself or through Mosaic Adventure in Nepal. The coverage per day is $12 dollars per person.

How do I get to Nepal?

Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu is the only international airport in Nepal. The national flag carrier, Nepal Airlines, and other international airlines directly connect Kathmandu with major cities around the world. Alternatively, you can travel to Nepal via India and Tibet-China Nepal border by over land

If I want to come by land, what are the entry points to enter in Nepal?

All visitors coming to Nepal by land can enter through any of these entry points on the India- Nepal Border:

  • Pani Tanki/Kakarbhitta
  • Raxual/Birgunj
  • Sunauli/Belahiya
  • Rupaidiya/ Nepalgunj
  • Mohana/Dhangadi
  • Banbasa/Mahendranagar, Gaddachauki and
  • Khasa,Liping/ Tatopani on the Tibet,China-Nepal border respectively.

Overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet or complete customs formalities.

What are the Air Accesses to Nepal?

Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights to/from Delhi, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok, Doha and Hong Kong. Other international airlines operating from/ to Kathmandu are Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), ArkeFly (Amsterdam), Bahrain Air (Bahrain), Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), Buddha Air (Paro, Lucknow), China Eastern Airlines (Kunming), China Southern Airlines (Guanzhou), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi), Flydubai (Dubai), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkotta, Varanasi), Indigo Airlines (Delhi), Jet Airways (Delhi, Mumbai), Jet Lite (Delhi), Kingfisher Airlines ( Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Oman Air (Muscat), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi, Islamabad) , Qatar Airways (Doha), Silk Air (Singapore), Spicejet (Delhi), Thai Airways (Bangkok) and United Airways (Dhaka) .

Is there an airport tax in Nepal?

Yes. In international departures it is already included in your ticket. But on domestic routes, a separate airport tax of Rs.200 is charged before boarding.

What to wear in Nepal?

Light, loose garments are recommended in spring (March, April and May) and summer (June, July and August), while woolens and jackets or similar warm clothing are needed from November to February. Please look at recommended clothing got trekking and Mountaineering in our page.

If I run out of money, how do I get access to more funds?

You can draw funds against your AMERICAN EXPRESS, VISA and MASTERCARD cards in Kathmandu. The service premiums for doing this, however, could be high. You can also have money wired directly to Kathmandu through any major bank within two to three working days. There are many money transfer services like Weston Union where you can get money in a minute.

Is the international driving license accepted in Nepal?


What is the country code of Nepal?

The country code for Nepal is +977 and the area code for Kathmandu is 01, for Pokhara 061, Chitwan 056 and Lumbini 071.

What is the time difference in Nepal?

Nepali time is GMT plus 5 hours 45 minutes.

Electricity Voltage

Electricity in Nepal is 230 volts, alternating at 50 cycles per second. A voltage converter is needed for a device that does not accept 230 volts at 50 MHz. Sockets in Nepal accept only round three or two pins. So if your electrical device uses flat pins, please bring a universal electric plug adaptor.

What are some basic Nepali customs that I need to know?

  • When visiting a temple and Monasteries, always circumambulate it is a clockwise direction.
  • Take off your shoes and sandal before entering a temple or a Nepalese home.
  • Entrance to some temples is forbidden, so look out for such notices.
  • Ask permission to take photographs inside temples or of religious ceremonies and people.
  • You can accept a handshake offered by either a male or a female but never offer your hand first.
  • Public displays of affection such as kissing may be considerate offensive.

What are the general do’s and don’ts in Nepal?

The general greeting is “Namaste” (nah-mahs-tay) which means I salute you as a God. You can do this for “Good morning”, “Good afternoon” or “Good evening”. While saying Namaste hold your palms together at chin level and nod (never bow) your head. In major cities, men usually shake hands, while women use the more traditional greeting. In general, you can shake hands with men and can say Namaste to women.

Is there any post office and Postal services in Nepal? Are they?

The post office is reliable. Express Mail Service (EMS) is available at the General Post Office and their branches. There are many international curries services like-DHL, UPS available in Nepal.

What are the best souvenirs can I take home?

Popular among visitors are handmade garment items like woolen sweaters, jackets, trousers and caps some items made from hemp. And the Pashmina shawl is a highly coveted item. Then there are ethnic and contemporary carpets, gems and jewelry, metal and wooden products, Khukuri (the curved metal knife, music CDs, Nepali paper products, pottery, spices, tea, organic coffer, local honey and Thangka paintings to take home.


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